As he says, Shade was "an innocent poet in an innocent land" 78apparently quite unaware of Gradus at all. That night, the King had an opportunity and snuck out the secret passage, which terminated a mile away in the Royal Theater. Virgil explains that these shades souls are only here because they were born without the benefit of Christianity, either due to being born before Christ, or because the soul was an unbaptized child.
Allegorically, the fact that these pagans lived a highly virtuous, ethical, or moral life and are still in Limbo implies that no amount of humanistic endeavor and no amount of virtue, knowledge, ethics, or morality can save or redeem a person who hasn't had faith in Christ.
He cannot remember how he wandered away from his true path that he should be following, but he is in a fearful place, impenetrable and wild. In doing this, he describes the area and house he lived in; the area in linesthe house in lines They are, after all, trapped in Limbo, while he journeys on toward heaven.
Throughout the poem, the classical poet Virgil stands for human reason and human virtue, two admirable characteristics in themselves, but alone they are not enough to gain salvation.
Her swift movements evade human understanding; thus, men should not curse her when they lose their possessions. He asks Virgil why these souls are honored by separation from the other spirits, and Virgil replies that their fame on Earth gained them this place.
To take over as the poet allows him to fix what he considers an error. Notes to lines 42 and Kinbote explains that he was feeding stories about Zembla to Shade to try to get him to write a poem telling the story of the king, since it seems to him such great material for a poem.
This image is itself poetic, availing itself of the convention of the eye of the mind. Analysis Between Hell proper, the place of punishment, and the vestibule, Dante places the circle of Limbo, devoted to those people who had no opportunity to choose either good or evil in terms of having faith in Christ.
Yet he follows this with lines that are forced in their rhyme, meter and content: Any sympathy the reader might feel is supplanted by disbelief that he actually interprets this word to be "hallucinations" Dante claims that his pen cannot match the wonders he saw in hell, though elsewhere he is very confident in his poetic abilities.
He sees Euclid, Ptolemy, and Galen who studied and wrote about geometry, astronomy, and medicine, respectively. He explains that the reign of King Charles the Beloved Charles Xavier was wonderful and there was great contentment in Zembla when he ruled.
While it is clear that he does have hallucinations, as the rest of the note and all the notes indicate, it is also clear that the word he cannot or prefers not to be able to read is "halitosis.
He may be Dante's poetic idol and model of virtue, but he's not perfect. However, it is impossible to tell if what he writes about the college is real or just more persecution complex. The language in this section is remarkable because Dante elevates these souls and seems to have the highest respect for them; words such as honor, majestic, master, and luminous don't occur regularly in the rest of the text of Inferno.Summary: Canto II.
Dante invokes the Muses, the ancient goddesses of art and poetry, and asks them to help him tell of his experiences. Dante relates that as he and Virgil approach the mouth of Hell, his mind turns to the journey ahead and.
Pale Fire, Canto Three Summary Shade is asked to give a lecture about death to an organization with the acronym I.P.H., the Institute of Preparation for the Hereafter, which he refers to as If.
His daughter is just a small child, and the family goes north to a town called Yewshade to work with the organization. Cantos VII–IX Summary: Canto VII. Virgil and Dante continue down toward the Fourth Circle of Hell and come upon the demon Plutus.
Virgil quiets the creature with a word and they enter the circle, where Dante cries out at what he sees: a ditch has been formed around the circle, making a great ring. In Pale Fire, one man's life, King Charles's, unfolds in the commentary to an unfinished poem.
(Shade's poem is missing its final line.) (Shade's poem is missing its final line.) However, Shade's idea is also broader than the story of King Charles.
Cantos VII–IX Summary: Canto VII. Virgil and Dante continue down toward the Fourth Circle of Hell and come upon the demon Plutus. Virgil quiets the creature with a word and they enter the circle, where Dante cries out at what he sees: a ditch has been formed around the circle, making a great ring.
Pale Fire: Novel Summary: Canto One, Free Study Guides and book notes including comprehensive chapter analysis, complete summary analysis, author biography information, character profiles, theme analysis, metaphor analysis, and top ten quotes on classic literature.Download