After serving in the German Army on the Western Front, he transferred to the air service in May However when bombing was introduced, the feeling about planes turned from noble flying knights into fear, death from above. The world soon started to realize the effectiveness of planes in war and how the control of the skies could influence the outcome.
Fighter Planes As aerial reconnaissance became more common, so did the need for ways to stop enemy observation planes. The Germans used this weapon the most, realizing that enemy soldiers wearing gas masks did not fight as well.
The first major evolution would be a simple one: For instance, the mounting of a machine gun behind the propellers seemed like suicide, but the Germans came up with the idea of a timed switch that would allow the gun to fire in-between rotations.
The Allies soon armed their airplanes the same way, and war in the air became a deadly business.
The power of defensive weapons made winning the war on the western front all but impossible for either side. Bombers Bombing was an obvious offensive tactic for use in air warfare, but different countries approached the concept in different ways.
McCudden was awarded the Victoria Cross in the spring of and after a brief rest was posted back to the Western Front to take control of his own squadron. He was equally respected by both sides, and when he was shot down, his enemies held a service for him to show how much respect they had.
Because of this, guns were mounted to the front of t plane, facing forward. Although the French were the first to have a working, conscripting air force and to license fliers, their trust in airplanes still was not up to par.
They had to cut through belts of barbed wire before they could use rifles, bayonets, pistols, and hand grenades to capture enemy positions. Used by permission of the publisher.
The army well recognized that the plane would simply have a better view of the battlefield. Wounded men often lay helpless in the open until they died.
NC Museum of History.
The purpose of these missions was to gain information about important places, highways railroads and rivers, as well as the location of enemy troops. In the time leading up to the war, the general feeling about planes was, they were a sneaky, unfair tactic that should not be used in warfare.Shortly thereafter, inWorld War I broke out and many nations saw this fledgling aviation technology as a potential advantage in the war.
At first, airplanes were used for reconnaissance, similar to how other aircraft, namely balloons, had been used as far back as by the French, and by both sides during the American Civil War.
They sid not have the performance needed for World War I aerial combat, but proved perectly suited for pilot training. These planes were built in large numbers, but had little use after thecWar.
They criss-crossed America in barn-storming exhibitions. Being in the trenches was very hard for the soldiers, but they had to make it as comfortable as possible because they were going to be in it for months at a time.
Once they were in and battle began, there was no leaving the trenches. WWI: Technology and the weapons of war. Perhaps the most significant technological advance during World War I was the improvement of the machine gun, This article was very informative, was a great deal of help for my essay, though I would have liked to know more about technology than weapons.
The War in the Air Birth of a New Weapon. In the summer ofthe airplane was less than eleven years old. Aviation was a fledgling technology that fascinated many but still generated skepticism when it came to practical applications.
During World War One, the role of airplanes and how they were used changed greatly. At first planes were only used for sport, but people started realize that not only could airplanes be useful but they could even influence an outcome of the war greatly.
Soon the .Download